HRH Edward VII
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910. He was the son of HRH The queen Victoria and Prince Albert. He was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was renamed the House of Windsor by his son, George V.
The Edwardian era, which covered Edward's reign and was named after him, coincided with the start of a new century and heralded significant changes in technology and society, including powered flight and the rise ofsocialism. Edward played a role in the modernisation of the British Home Fleet, the reform of the Army Medical Services, and the reorganisation of the British Army after the Second Boer War. Edward fostered good relations between Great Britain and other European countries, especially France, for which he was popularly called "Peacemaker", but his efforts were unable to prevent the outbreak of World War I in 1914.
Before his accession to the throne, he served as heir apparent and held the title of Prince of Wales for longer than any of his predecessors. During the long reign of his mother, Queen Victoria, he was largely excluded from political power and came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite
King Edward VII and HRH The Queen Alexandra had as there third child, and eldest daughter, The Princess Louise, Princess Royal and Duchess of Fife (Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar; 20 February 1867 - 4 January1931) who was the grand daughter of Queen Victoria. The Princess Louise was also the sister to HRH King George V.
HRH Princess Arthur of Connaught, Princess Alexandra ( Duchess of Fife )
Alexandra was born at East Sheen Lodge, Richmond on May 17, 1891. Her father was the 1st Duke of Fife (1840 - 1912), the son of the 5th Earl Fife and his wife, the former Lady Agnes Hay. He was created Duke of Fife following marriage to Alexandra's mother, HRH Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (née Princess Louise of Wales), the eldest daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra of Denmark.
As a female line great-granddaughter of the British monarch, (Queen Victoria), Alexandra was not entitled to the title of a Princess of Great Britain or the style Royal Highness. Instead she was styled Lady Alexandra Duff, as the daughter of a Duke. She was fourth in the line of succession at the time of her birth. On the death of her Father the Duke of Fife she inherited Duchy of Fife and became the Duchess of Fife, in addition to Mar Lodge and its estates including the Barony of Cromar, and all titles therein.
On 5 November 1905, King Edward VII declared her mother Princess Royal. He further ordered Garter King of Arms to gazette Lady Alexandra Duff and her sister Lady Maud Duff as Princesses of Great Britain and Ireland with the style and attribute of Highness and precedence immediately after all members of the British Royal Family bearing the style of Royal Highness. From that point, Her Highness Princess Alexandra of Fife held her title and rank, not from her father (a Duke), but rather from the will of the Sovereign (her grandfather).
On 15 October 1913, Princess Alexandra married Prince Arthur of Connaught at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, London. Prince Arthur of Connaught, was the only son of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught. The third eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. As such, Arthur and Alexandra were first cousins once removed. This was only the second marriage to occur between a Prince and Princess of the United Kingdom (the first being Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh and the Princess Mary.)
After their marriage, Alexandra was generally referred to as HRH Princess Arthur of Connaught, or in some documents HRH Princess Arthur of Connaught (Duchess of Fife). This followed the tradition of a wife taking the style and title of her husband, even although Alexandra was a peeress in her own right.
With her husband, Alexandra also carried out royal engagements on behalf of her uncle, King George V and later her cousin, King George VI. She also served as a Counsellor of State between 1937 and 1944.
During World War I, Princess Arthur of Connaught served as nurse at St. Mary's Hospital in Paddington. When Prince Arthur was appointed governor general of the Union of South Africa in 1920, she accompanied him to Pretoria and worked on behalf of local hospitals. Upon the couple's return to Britain, she continued to carry out royal duties. She died at her home near Primrose Hill, London in 1959 and was buried at Mar Lodge chapel.
Her only son and the heir apparent to the Dukedom of Fife, Alastair Arthur, died in Ottawa in 1943, a year after succeeding his paternal grandfather as 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. When Princess Arthur of Connaught died, the Dukedom of Fife passed to her nephew, James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie, Lord Carnegie, the only son of her late sister Princess Maud, Countess of Southesk.
On her death the Mar Lodge and its estates including the Barony of Cromar, and all titles therein were passed to Captain Alexander Arthur Alfonso David Maule Ramsay of Mar (21 December 1919–20 December 2000) who was the only child of HRH Princess Patricia of Connaught, who renounced her royal title and style when she married then-Captain the Hon. Alexander Ramsay in February 1919. His mother was the youngest child of HRH The Duke of Connaught, the third son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. His father was the third son of the Earl of Dalhouise.
HRH Queen Victoria
King Edward and Queen Alexandra, ca. 1901 King Edward VII walking with his wife Queen Alexandra in the grounds of Mar Lodge in Scotland
HRH Queen Alexandra with Princess Louise and Princess Victoria
Prince Arthur of Connaught and HRH Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife
Duke of Connaught, and Princess Louise, Duchess of Connnaught, with there son, Prince Arthur Connaught and daughter, Princess Patricia
HRH Princess Patricia of Connaught